The Philippine Racing Commission (PHILRACOM) has sought to bring horse racing in the Philippines updated on the international standards and procedures relating to prohibited substances in the industry. This Unit comprises the Rules that the Commission has drafted to govern this aspect of the sport, although implementation has not commenced as of the date of this publication.

RULES GOVERNING PROHIBITED SUBSTANCES AND THE PROCEDURES FOR DRUG-TESTING

PR 81.  DEFINITION OF PROHIBITED SUBSTANCES
Any substance declared by these Rules to be a prohibited substance, or which falls within any of the groups of substances declared by these Rules to be prohibited substances, unless it is specifically excepted.

  1. When any horse that has been brought to a racecourse or recognized training track to engage in a trial or test for the purpose of obtaining a permit to start in a race, whether after suspension or otherwise, is found to have had administered to it any prohibited substance as defined in PR 83, the trainer and any other person who was in charge of such horse at any relevant time may be punished, unless he satisfies the Committee of the Club or the Stewards that he had taken all proper precautions to prevent the administration of the prohibited substance.
  2. When any horse that has been brought to a racecourse to engage in a race is found by the Committee of the Club or the Stewards to have had administered to it any prohibited substance as defined in

PR 83, the trainer and any other person who was in charge of such horse at any relevant time may be punished, unless he satisfies the Committee of the Club or the Stewards that he had taken all proper precautions to prevent the administration of the prohibited substance.

PR 82.  POSSESSION OF PROHIBITED SUBSTANCES
No person shall have in his possession on a racecourse where a meeting is being conducted any prohibited substance, syringe, needle or other instrument, which could be used to administer a prohibited substance to a horse unless that person shall have obtained the permission of the Stewards to be in such possession, or satisfies them that such possession is for lawful use. Any person found contravening this rule may be punished and any such substance or items may be confiscated.

PR 83.  LIST OF PROHIBITED SUBSTANCES
The following substances are declared as prohibited substances:

  1. 1.  Substances capable at any time of acting on one of the following
    1. mammalian body systems:
      • The central and/or peripheral nervous systems
      • The cardiovascular system
      • The respiratory system
      • The alimentary digestive system
      • The musculo-skeletal system
      • The uro-genital system
      • The endocrine system
  2. 2.  Substances falling within the following categories of substances:
    • acidifying agents 
    • cholinergic agents
    • adrenergic blocking agents
    • corticostiroids
    •  adrenergic stimulants
    •  depressants
    • alkalinising agents 
    • diuretics
    • anabolic agents 
    • general anaesthetics
    • analgesics 
    • haematopoietic agents
    • antiangina agents 
    • hormones (including trophic hormones) and their synthetic counterparts
    • antiarrhythmic agents   
    • anticholinergic agents   
    • anticoagulants   
    • antidepressants 
    • hypnotics
    • antihistamines 
    • local anaesthetics
    • antihypertensives 
    • muscle relaxants
    • anti-inflammatory agents 
    • narcotic analgesics
    • blood coagulants 
    • neuromascular agents
    • bronchodilators
    • plasma volume expanders
    • bronchospasm relaxants  
    • buffering agents 
    • respiratory stimulants
    • sedatives 
    • tranquilisers
    • vasodilators 
    • vitamins administered by injection
    • central nervous system stimulants 
  3. Metabolites artifacts and isomers of the prohibited substances prescribed by above rules 1 and 2 of PR 90 Prohibited Substances.

 

PR 84.  VALUES OF SUBSTANCES EXEMPTED FROM THE PROVISIONS
The following prohibited substances when present at or below the concentrations respectively set out are exempted from the provisions of PR 83  –  List of Prohibited Substances:

  1. Total carbon dioxide (TCO2) at a concentration of 36.0 millimotes per liter in plasma.
  2. Arsenic at a mass concentration of 0.30 milligrams per liter in urine.
  3. Dimethyl sulphoxide at a mass concentration of 15 milligrams per liter in urine or 1.0 milligram per liter in plasma.
  4. For nandrolone, free and conjugated 5-estrane-38, 17-diol at a mass concentration equal to or less than 5(10) -estrene, 17-diol in urine.
  5. Salicylic acid at a mass of 750 milligrams per liter in urine.
  6. Hydrocortisone at a mass concentration of 1.00 milligrams per liter in urine.
  7. Free and conjugated testosterone at a mass concentration of 20 micrograms per lite in urine from geldings.
  8. For testosterone in fillies and mares, the mass concentration of free and conjugated testosterone in urine equal to or less than twelve times the mass concentration of epitestosterone in urine.

PR 85.  ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES
Samples taken from horses in pursuance of the powers conferred on the Stewards by PR 5-D.7 shall be analyzed only by an official racing laboratory.

PR 86.  NUMBER OF SPECIMENS FOR TESTING
After every race, test specimens of at least two (2) horses shall be taken from the winner and any other horse(s) selected by the Board of Stewards. In every racing day, a minimum of six (6) samples shall be tested by the PHILRACOM Accredited Laboratory. The Board of Stewards may, in their own discretion, order the testing of other samples.

PR 87.  COLLECTION AREA
The Racing Club concerned shall provide a separate and well-secured area within the club compound, isolated from the view of the betting public, for the actual collection of samples. Only the duly registered owner, trainer or their duly-licensed representative and the groom of the horse concerned shall be allowed in the collection area.

PR 88.  PROCEDURE FOR SAMPLES
Two (2) sampling containers per selected horse shall be taken before or after the race by the authorized personnel. The samples shall then be sealed and countersigned by and in the presence of the representatives of the Racing Clubs, owner, trainer, or their duly-licensed representative. Failure on the part of the horse owner and/or trainer to attend or to designate an official and licensed representative in writing, shall be taken as a waiver of the right to be present during the procedure. One (1) sample shall be retained by the racing club and placed in its custody. The other sample shall be given to the duly accredited drug-testing laboratory for testing. In case of a challenge, the first sample shall be tested, the results of which would be final and binding on all parties.

PR 89.  USE OF SAMPLES
Testing will be done for identification of prohibited substances based on the list of references provided for in PR 90 herein. The  PHILRACOM Accredited Laboratory shall notify the Racing Club of the results of all tests within fifteen (15) working days after the collection of samples if the tests are positive for prohibited substance(s). The Racing Club shall inform PHILRACOM and the horse owner and/or trainer concerned within five (5) working days from receipt of the results.

PR 90.  REFERENCE PUBLICATIONS
The following publications in their current available editions shall be used to identify the classification and groupings of drugs, to wit: Philippine Index of Medical Specialties (PIMS); U.S. Pharmacopoeia; British Pharmacopoeia; Chinese Pharmacopoeia; Drugs Facts and Comparison; Merck Index; Merck Veterinary Manual; Multilingual Dictionary of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Under International Control.

PR 91.  PROCEDURES UPON DETECTION OF PROHIBITED SUBSTANCES
Upon the detection by an official racing laboratory of a prohibited substance in a sample taken from a horse, such laboratory shall:

(a)  notify the Stewards of its findings, and they shall thereupon notify the trainer of the horse of such findings; and(b)nominate another official racing laboratory and refer to it the reserve portion of the same sample and, except in the case of blood sample, the control of the same sample, together with advice as to the nature of the prohibited substance detected.

PR 92.  CORROBORATION BY OTHER OFFICIAL RACING LABORATORY
In case the other official racing laboratory detects the same prohibited substance, or metabolites, isomers or artifacts of the same prohibited substance, in the reserve portion of the sample and not in the referred portion of the control, the certified findings of both official racing laboratories shall be prima facie evidence upon which the Stewards may find that a prohibited substance had been administered to the horse from which the sample was taken.

PR 93.  REFERRAL TO GOVERNMENT AUTHORITIES
Any dangerous drug(s) as defined and penalized in the Dangerous Drugs Law that are detected in the samples shall be referred by the Philracom to the National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) and all other government agencies concerned for further testing and possible prosecution.

PR 94.  PROCEDURES DURING CHALLENGE
The retained sample of the Racing Club shall be used for testing during challenge. The testing shall be done in the  PHILRACOM  Accredited Laboratory. The owner and/or trainer at his option may request the presence of the NBI and/or Dangerous Drug Board (DDB) chemists thereat. Representatives of the Racing Club, PHILRACOM, owner, and/or trainer must also be present during the procedure. The failure of the owner and/or trainer or their authorized representative to attend shall be taken as a waiver of their right to be present during the procedure.

PR 95.  RESULTS OF CHALLENGE
The owner and/or trainer of the horse whose challenged test yielded positive results in the use of prohibited substances shall have his challenge fee of Ten Thousand Pesos (Php 10,000.00) forfeited in favor of the Racing Club. He shall also pay the Sixty Thousand Pesos (Php 60,000.00) deposit in favor of PHILRACOM as penalty. The owners and/or trainers whose challenge tests yielded negative results shall be refunded accordingly.