Landmark Dates in Philippine Horseracing
Philippine Pony Era (Horses of Sulu, Indian and Chinese Lineage)
1867 - Earliest record of racing in a straight-away course.
1867 - Founding of the Manila Jockey Club by Governor General Jose dela Gandara y Navarro and the socios fundadores.
1880 - Transfer of site to new oval at Hippodromo de Sta. Mesa at Sta. Mesa district
1881 - English style racing were held twice a year for four successive days under the aegis of Governor General Eulogio Despujol.
1898 - Races were suspended due to the outbreak of the Spanish American War.
Arab Horse Era
1899 - Resumption of races at the Sta. Mesa Hippodrome.
1900 - Transfer of the Manila Jockey Club to its present site in San Lazaro at the Sta. Cruz district.
1901- Democratization of horseracing during the time of American Governor William Howard Taft, i.e. people from all social strata began crowding the hippodrome on racedays.
1903 - Betting was introduced and authorized.
1930 - Clamor for better horses results in the importation of foreign stock under the auspices of the Bureau of Agriculture.
1930 - Creation of the Bureau of Animal Industry which continued importation of Arab horses.
1935 - Signing of Republic Act No. 4130 authorizing the holding of Sweepstakes Races.
1937 - Incorporation of the Manila Jockey Club.
1937 - Organization of the Philippine Racing Club, Inc. for racing exclusively for superior breeds.
1939 - Enactment of Commonwealth Act No. 156, later amended by Commonwealth Act No. 484 enjoining the Philippine Tuberculosis Society Inc. to hold annual National Grand Derby Races to encourage the breeding of local horses.
1948 - President Elpidio S. Quirino approves Republic Act. No. 309 creating the Commission on Races to regulate racing.
1951 - President Quirino signs Executive Order No. 392 creating the Games and Amusements Board to regulate public gaming and enforce laws against illegal gambling.
1964 - The Philippines hosts the 4th Asian Racing Conference.
1965 - President Ferdinand E. Marcos approves Republic Act No. 4618 creating the National Stud Farm to prevent illegal importation of racehorses, improve the breed of local horses and perform other functions related to racing.
1969 - Republic Act No. 6115 regulating the distribution of gross wager sales on horseracing approved.
1972 - Congress enacts Republic Act Nos. 6631 and 6632 granting franchises to the Manila Jockey Club, Inc. and the Philippine Racing Club, Inc. to construct, operate and maintain their own racetracks for a period of 25 years.
1974 - The Philippines hosts the 12th Asian Racing Conference.
1974 - Marcos signs Presidential Decree No. 420 creating the Philippine Racing Commission (PHILRACOM) to promote and direct the development of horseracing both as a sport and a source of revenue and employment.
1992 – Adoption of Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) monitoring program for all breeding stocks initiated by the National Stud Farm using Coggins or Agar Gel Immuno-Diffusion (AGID) Test. Private race horse breeding farms followed this initiative.
1995 – The National Stud Farm adopted the Blood Typing and Parentage Validation Program for horses under contract with the Royal Western India Turf Club, Inc. (RWITC) Blood typing Laboratory in India as a requirement of the International Stud Book Committee (ISBC) for all breeding stocks and their produce to be included in the official Thoroughbred registry.
1996 – The Philippine Stud Book Volume I, the official publication of the National Stud Farm which was also designated as the Stud Book Authority of the Philippines (SBAP) gained international recognition by the ISBC through the assistance of Asian Stud Book Committee (ASBC) representatives from Japan and India. The publication contains the breeding activities of more than 500 Thoroughbred mares from the earliest available returns up to 1994, including the pedigrees or bloodlines of registered Thoroughbred in the Philippines.
1997 – Equine Influenza outbreak suspended the conduct of horse racing in the months of late November and early December in the two racing clubs causing a great decline and losses in earnings and government revenue.
1999 –The Philippine Stud Book Volume II was published containing the breeding activities of more than 600 Thoroughbred mares and their corresponding produce from the year 1995 to 1998. The publication included pedigrees of the broodmares and stallions in the Philippines as well as stallions which have produce from mares that were imported in-foal (pregnant).
2000 – President Joseph Ejercito Estrada signed E.O. No. 296, Integrating the Personnel, Programs and Resources of the National Stud Farm with other Units/Agencies of the Department of Agriculture placing the Stud Book Division under the Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI). The Stud Book Division was renamed as the Stud Book and Animal Registry Division (SBARD) and was designated as the new Stud Book Authority of the Philippines (SBAP).
2001 – Three Philippine bred Thoroughbred horses bought and owned by a Japanese horse owner were exported to Japan. The three horses competed in the races in Japan and proved that their quality were at par with horses from other countries.
2003 – President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo signed E.O. No. 177, Transferring the Philippine National Stud Book (Division) of the then National Stud Farm from the Department of Agriculture to the Office of the President and Re-assigning it to the Philippine Racing Commission.
– Transfer of the racetrack of Manila Jockey Club, Inc. (MJCI) to San Lazaro Leisure Park (SLLP), Carmona, Cavite.
2004 – Actual transfer of the personnel, programs and resources of the Stud Book Division to the Philippine Racing Commission commenced.
Publication of The Philippine Stud Book Volume III, containing the breeding activities of 676 Thoroughbred mares from 1999 to 2002.
2005 – Adoption of the Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) Monitoring and Eradication Program for all racehorses by the PHILRACOM.
Issuance of local passports to all racehorses to maintain records of pedigree, identification, vaccination, Coggins' test, Trypanosomiasis or surra test and other vital information.
2006 – Adoption of the Deoxyribonucleic Acid or DNA technology to replace the conventional Blood Typing and Parentage Validation Program to secure and maintain genuine identity of all Thoroughbred horses registered in the official registry.
2007 – Adoption of the Microchip Program as an additional tool for immediate identification of racehorses in the racetrack starting with foals born in 2005. Preparation of computer program that will link all the necessary data of the horse with the microchip number.
– Appearance of the Philippines as signatory to important articles related to breeding under the International Agreement on Breeding, Racing and Wagering (IABRW) published by the International Federation of Horseracing Authorities (IFHA).